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Biology and Genetics
Environment and Occupational Issues
- Type 2 Diabetes Among Canadian Aboriginal Populations

The prevalence of type 2 diabetes and associated complications has increased prominently among Canadian Aboriginal populations. 

The prevalence among First Nations is estimated to be 3 to 5 times higher than national average. Among First Nations two-thirds of the affected individuals are women. The incidence of type 2 diabetes among Inuit and Aboriginal children is also noticeably on the increase.  Despite this obvious and dramatically increasing burden of disease among Aboriginal Canadian communities there is relatively little information available regarding the prevalence of, and risk factors for type 2 diabetes and its complications.
Prevention and Intervention approaches within the Canadian Diabetes Strategy (CDS) are aimed at diabetes risk reduction.  The program contains 4 components of which the Aboriginal Diabetes Initiative (ADI) developed to provide a comprehensive, collaborative and integrated approach to decrease diabetes and its complications among Aboriginal peoples. ADI has two programs—the First Nations On-reserve and Inuit in Inuit Communities Program (FNOIIC), and Métis, Off-reserve Aboriginal and Urban Inuit Prevention and Promotion Program (MOAUIPP).

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Contributor:  Hasu Ghsoh

Last Reviewed: August 16 2012


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